Just Plumbing

Just Plumbing | Tap Water vs Purified Water: Which is Better for Your Health?

Tap Water vs Purified Water: Which is Better for Your Health?


Access to clean and safe drinking water is essential for health and well-being. Ensuring the water you consume is free from contaminants helps prevent diseases and supports overall health. Tap water and purified water are two main choices for daily hydration, each with its own qualities and potential effects on health.

Understanding Tap Water

Tap water is water that comes from municipal water systems, delivered to your home through pipes and faucets. While tap water can be a good source of natural minerals like calcium and magnesium, which contribute to taste and nutritional value, its quality can vary depending on factors such as local infrastructure and environmental conditions. Sometimes, tap water may contain contaminants or pollutants that affect its safety and taste.

Exploring Purified Water

Purified water is any type of water that has undergone a purification process to remove impurities, which can include methods like reverse osmosis, distillation, or carbon filtration. This process ensures a consistent level of quality by eliminating unwanted substances.

One of the main advantages of purified water is its ability to remove potentially harmful chemicals or contaminants that may be present in tap water. This can provide peace of mind, especially for those with specific health concerns or compromised immune systems.

The Ongoing Debate: Tap Water vs Purified Water

The discussion around tap water versus purified water continues as people consider the balance between mineral content and purity:

  • Some argue that the presence of certain minerals in tap water, such as fluoride, can be beneficial for dental health.
  • Others prioritize the absence of contaminants in purified water, viewing it as a safer option for consumption.

Ultimately, the choice between tap water and purified water depends on individual preferences and circumstances. Understanding the differences can help you make an informed decision about your drinking water source.

When choosing the best water treatment option for your home, it’s important to consider factors such as:

  • The quality of your tap water supply
  • Any specific health concerns or sensitivities
  • Your budget and maintenance preferences

By evaluating these factors, you can determine whether a salt-free system, traditional water softener, or other filtration method is most suitable for your needs.

Tip: If you’re interested in learning more about the differences between salt-free systems and traditional water softeners, check out this blog post. Additionally, if you’re unsure about which water filter is best for you, our comprehensive guide on the advantages and disadvantages of charcoal and ceramic filters can help you make an informed decision.

Understanding Tap Water

When it comes to quenching your thirst or preparing your meals, the quality of the water you use is absolutely crucial. A major source of water for many households is tap water. But what exactly is tap water and what factors determine its quality?

Tap water typically originates from local surface waters (like lakes, rivers, and reservoirs) or underground natural reservoirs. It is then treated at municipal facilities where it undergoes processes such as filtration and disinfection to remove harmful contaminants. The quality of tap water can vary greatly depending on a variety of factors including the source of the water, the treatment process employed by the local municipality, and the condition of your home’s plumbing system.

Tap Water in Phoenix, Arizona

In Phoenix, Arizona – a city known for its hot desert climate – tap water mainly comes from surface sources like rivers. This can present unique challenges as these sources are subject to environmental pollution. As a result, Phoenix’s tap water may contain several contaminants that pose health risks if consumed in large quantities over time.

According to the latest Phoenix Water Quality Report, Phoenix’s tap water meets or exceeds all federal standards set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). However, some contaminants were detected during testing, albeit at levels considered safe by EPA standards. For instance, trace amounts of arsenic were found in the city’s tap water. While this might sound alarming, it’s important to understand that arsenic occurs naturally in many parts of Arizona due to the region’s geology.

Another issue impacting Phoenix’s tap water is hardness which is caused by high levels of calcium and magnesium minerals. While not harmful to health, hard water can cause issues with plumbing systems and appliances. If you notice signs like mineral deposits on your dishes or reduced soap lather, you might be dealing with hard water. It’s advisable to understand how hard water affects your Phoenix home and explore effective solutions to protect your property.

Water Testing Methods for Tap Water in Phoenix

Regularly testing your tap water is essential to ensure that it is safe to drink. This is particularly true in areas like Phoenix where specific pollutants may be more prevalent.

There are several methods for conducting a comprehensive DIY tap water test at home:

  • Purchase an all-in-one water testing kit online or from a local hardware store.
  • These kits typically test for common contaminants such as lead, bacteria, pesticides, nitrates/nitrites, chlorine, and hardness.

In addition to home testing, the city of Phoenix also routinely tests its tap water supply. These results are published annually in the Phoenix Water Quality Report.

Despite this, to ensure complete peace of mind, it’s advisable to do your own testing especially if you live in an old house with potentially problematic plumbing systems. For instance, houses with old lead pipes may have higher levels of lead contamination in their tap water. If you suspect hard water issues beyond what traditional water softeners can handle, you might want to consider exploring alternative solutions like a salt-free water treatment system which can effectively remove certain types of contaminants while addressing the issue of hardness.

Understanding the specifics about your tap water quality can go a

Water Testing Methods for Tap Water in Phoenix

Ensuring the safety of your tap water is crucial, particularly in the Phoenix area where certain pollutants are more common. You might be wondering about the specifics of tap water quality and what contaminants could be lurking in your glass.

Definition and Sources of Tap Water

Phoenix tap water typically comes from a combination of surface water and groundwater. This water undergoes treatment to meet the standards set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) before it reaches your faucet.

Common Contaminants Found in Tap Water

Contaminants such as lead, arsenic, and nitrates can be found in tap water, potentially leading to health issues if consumed at high levels over time. It’s vital to identify these contaminants to mitigate any risks associated with them.

Role of the EPA in Regulating Tap Water Quality

The EPA sets legal limits on over 90 contaminants in drinking water. The Phoenix water quality report provides information on local adherence to these regulations, ensuring that water quality meets federal standards.

Testing Tap Water

You can take an active role in assessing your tap water by using DIY test kits available online or at home improvement stores. These kits can test for a variety of water contaminants, including bacteria, lead, pesticides, and pH levels.

  • Test for common contaminants: Lead, chlorine, bacteria, and pH imbalances are among the most frequent concerns.
  • Follow instructions carefully: Accurate results depend on following each step as outlined in the test kit.
  • Consider additional testing: If initial results indicate high contaminant levels, you may need more comprehensive tests from a professional laboratory.

By understanding and utilizing these testing methods for Phoenix tap water, you can ensure that your home’s drinking water is clean and safe. When considering a whole-home solution like a water softener to prevent scale buildup, it’s important to recognize their crucial role in maintaining and protecting your home infrastructure. For those seeking advanced purification methods like reverse osmosis systems, choosing the right setup is essential.

Testing your tap water is a proactive step towards maintaining good health and peace of mind when it comes to your hydration sources.

Exploring Purified Water

Drinking water is essential to our health, but it’s equally crucial that the water we consume is clean and safe. One popular choice for ensuring this safety is purified water. This is water that has undergone rigorous treatment processes to remove contaminants, resulting in a high level of purity.

One such purification process commonly employed is reverse osmosis. This process uses a semi-permeable membrane to filter out impurities from the water. The result is pure, clean water that is free from harmful substances. Notably, one brand that has made a name for itself in providing purified drinking water through reverse osmosis is Kinetico Water.

Comparing Common Water Treatment Methods for Purified Water

To appreciate the role of purified water in our hydration choices, it’s vital to understand the different methods used to produce it. These methods range from distillation and deionization to carbon filtration and reverse osmosis. Each method has its strengths and weaknesses, with some being more effective at removing certain types of impurities than others.

Reverse Osmosis: Highly Effective but with Some Drawbacks

  • Strengths:Eliminates a wide range of contaminants
  • Produces pure and clean drinking water
  • Weaknesses:Higher upfront cost compared to other filtration systems
  • Requires regular maintenance
  • May remove beneficial minerals from water during purification

Whole-House Filtration System: Comprehensive Protection for Your Home

  • Strengths:Maintains water purity throughout your home
  • Protects plumbing fixtures and appliances from damage caused by hard or contaminated water
  • Weaknesses:May not be as effective as reverse osmosis at removing certain contaminants

When considering a new or replacement water filtration system, it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons of each option. The science behind how different filtration systems work can shed light on which solution may best fit your needs.

While some may argue that the initial investment in a home purification system, such as a reverse osmosis or whole-house filtration system, is high, the long-term benefits can be substantial. Not only do these systems provide clean and safe water for drinking, but they also help prolong the life of your appliances and reduce plastic waste associated with bottled water consumption.

The Top 8 Reasons You Need a Water Filtration System for Your Home sheds light on why investing in a comprehensive water treatment solution is crucial. Such systems ensure that your entire family has access to clean, healthy water while also protecting plumbing fixtures and appliances from damage caused by hard or contaminated water.

Choosing a water treatment method for your home isn’t a decision to take lightly. With the right information and careful consideration of your specific needs, you can select a system that ensures

Pros and Cons of Tap Water for Health

When it comes to choosing tap water for your daily hydration, there are several factors to consider that can impact your health. Let’s take a closer look at the advantages and disadvantages:


  • Mineral Content: Unlike purified water, tap water usually contains essential minerals like calcium, magnesium, and potassium. These minerals are important for maintaining strong bones, regulating blood pressure, and supporting muscle function.
  • Dental Benefits: Many communities add fluoride to their tap water as a way to prevent tooth decay. This practice has been successful in improving overall dental health.


  • Contaminants: Despite strict regulations by environmental agencies, there is still a chance of contamination in tap water from substances such as lead, pesticides, or industrial chemicals. Aging pipes and accidental pollution can contribute to this risk.
  • Chlorine and Byproducts: Water treatment plants often use chlorine to kill harmful bacteria in tap water. However, this can react with natural compounds in the water and create byproducts like trihalomethanes (THMs), which have been linked to an increased risk of cancer.

When considering whether to upgrade your home’s water system due to concerns about tap water quality, it’s important to also assess if your water softener system needs an upgrade for better efficiency and improved water quality. Upgrading your water softener can be a significant step towards ensuring safer drinking water.

For those who are environmentally conscious and want to make positive changes in their homes, exploring energy-efficient options like energy-efficient water heaters not only saves money but also reduces their carbon footprint.

Furthermore, it can be helpful to understand how a water softener works and the benefits it provides. A water softener helps remove minerals that cause water hardness – a common issue that affects both the taste of tap water and the lifespan of household appliances. If you’re considering installing a water softener or want to learn more about its advantages, check out our article on Understanding Water Softeners.

By considering these pros and cons of tap water versus purified water from a health perspective, you can make a more informed decision based on your individual needs. It’s important to carefully weigh these factors and also take into account any specific local issues that may impact the safety of your drinking water.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Purified Water for Health

When comparing tap water to purified water’s impact on health, it’s important to consider the advantages and disadvantages of each:

Benefits of Purified Water:

  • Removal of Contaminants: Purified water is specially treated to eliminate harmful bacteria, viruses, and chemicals. If you live in an area with questionable water quality or aging infrastructure, purified water can be a safer alternative.
  • Consistency in Quality: Unlike tap water, which can taste and quality may vary due to factors like changes in municipal water treatment or pipe corrosion, purified water maintains a consistent standard.

Concerns about Purified Water:

  • Potential Loss of Beneficial Minerals: Processes like reverse osmosis or distillation not only remove contaminants but also naturally occurring minerals that are essential for your body.

When deciding on the best drinking water option for your health, factors such as access to clean sources, personal health conditions, and dietary balance are important. If you choose purified water for its safety benefits, you may want to consider:

  • Supplementing your diet with minerals
  • Opting for mineral-enhanced products to make up for any deficiencies.

Making the Right Choice for You: Tap Water or Purified Water?

Ensuring Safe and Clean Drinking Water at Home

You’ve likely asked yourself: What’s the best water for drinking at home? Is it tap water or purified water? The answer isn’t as simple as you might think. It all comes down to choosing a water purification system for home based on your specific needs, health conditions, and preferences.

Tap water often contains essential minerals like calcium and potassium that our bodies need. Yet, it can also carry trace amounts of contaminants, depending on the local water supply. On the other hand, purified water guarantees a clean, safe drink every time. But due to the purification process, it might lack these crucial minerals.

So, how do you balance safety with nutritional needs? One solution is investing in a reliable home water purification system.

Advantages of a Home Water Purification System

A home water purification system offers several benefits:

  • Long-Term Cost Savings: While the initial investment might be high, a home water purification system can save you money in the long run. It cuts down your spending on bottled water and reduces the need for frequent purchases.
  • Reduced Plastic Waste: By purifying your tap water at home, you’re contributing to a more sustainable environment. You’re consuming less plastic by eliminating your need for bottled water.
  • Consistent Quality of Water: With a home purification system, you know exactly what’s in your drinking water. The system filters out harmful contaminants while retaining essential minerals.
  • Enhanced Taste: Many people find that purified water tastes better than tap water because it doesn’t contain chlorine or other chemicals often found in municipal supplies.

Choosing a home water purification system is not just about taste or convenience; it’s about having control over what goes into your body.

Other Factors to Consider When Choosing a Water Purification Method

When choosing a water purification system for your home, it’s important to take into account your personal preferences and individual circumstances. What works well for your neighbor may not be the best option for you.

Here are some key factors to consider when making your decision:

1. Maintenance Requirements

Every home water purification system requires some level of maintenance. It’s important to assess how much time and effort you can realistically dedicate to this upkeep. Ask yourself:

  • Would you prefer a system that requires minimal maintenance, where you can simply set it up and forget about it?
  • Or are you comfortable with the idea of regularly changing filters or performing other maintenance tasks?

Knowing your preference in terms of maintenance can help narrow down your options and find a system that fits your lifestyle.

2. Certification Standards

When researching different water purification systems, it’s worth looking for ones that meet industry certification standards. A certified system ensures that the unit has been tested and proven to effectively remove specific contaminants.

Look out for certifications such as:

  • NSF International (NSF) certification
  • Underwriters Laboratories (UL) certification
  • Water Quality Association (WQA) certification

These certifications provide reassurance that the system has undergone rigorous testing and meets certain quality standards.

3. Cost Considerations

Another important factor to consider is the cost of both purchasing and maintaining the water purification system. Some systems may have a higher upfront cost but lower ongoing maintenance expenses, while others may be more affordable initially but require frequent filter replacements or other costly upkeep.

Think about your budget and weigh it against the long-term costs associated with each system you’re considering.

Remember, the right water purification method will align with your lifestyle, health needs, and the specific water quality challenges in your area.


When it comes to staying hydrated, remember that the quality of the water you drink is crucial. Whether you prefer tap water or purified water, the most important thing is to ensure that it is clean and safe.

Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  • Tap Water: Stay informed about the quality of your local water supply. Checking the latest water quality report can give you valuable information about what’s in your tap water. For example, if you live in Phoenix, you can review the latest water quality report provided by the city.
  • Purified Water: If you choose purified water, it’s essential to understand how it is produced. Methods like reverse osmosis can effectively remove contaminants but may also strip away beneficial minerals.
  • Testing: Regularly test your tap water for any specific contaminants that may be present in your area. This will help you identify any potential issues and take appropriate measures.
  • Choosing a Treatment Method: Select a water treatment method that not only purifies the water but also aligns with your health goals and environmental values. There are various options available, such as activated carbon filters or UV disinfection systems.
  • Whole-House Filtration: Consider installing a whole-house filtration system if you want consistent water quality throughout your home. This can be especially beneficial if you have concerns about contaminants in your plumbing or want to improve the taste and odor of your water.

By following these recommendations, you can customize your hydration routine to meet both safety standards and personal preferences without compromising your health.